Utumikishaji wa Watoto

Watoto chini ya miaka 15

In accordance with provisions of Employment and Labour Relations Act, 2004, minimum age for employment is 14 years. A child of fourteen years of age may only be employed to do light work, which is not likely to be harmful to the child's health and development. Employment of a child must not affect  the child's attendance at school, participation in vocational orientation or training programmes approved by the competent authority or the child's capacity to benefit from the instruction received.

The Constitution of Tanzania provides the right to access education and every citizen is free to pursue education and technique of his/her choice and according to their abilities.

Source: §5 of the Employment and Labour Relations Act 2004; §11 of the Constitution of Tanzania

Umri wa chini kwa kazi hatarishi

The minimum age for hazardous work is 18 years. A person may not employ or engage a child in any kind of exploitative labour. This includes employment that is inappropriate for a person of that age; that places at risk the child's well-being, education, physical or mental health, or spiritual, moral or social development or where the child receives inadequate remuneration.

Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of related to exploitive labour commits an offence and is, on conviction, liable to a fine of not less than one hundred thousand shillings or to imprisonment for a term of three months or to both.

It is unlawful to employ or engage a child in any type of hazardous work. Work is considered to be hazardous when it poses a danger to the health, safety or morals of a person.

Hazardous work includes going to sea; mining and quarrying; porterage of heavy loads; manufacturing industries where chemicals are produced or used; work in places where machines are used; and work in place such as bars, hotels and places of entertainment. Night work is also prohibited for children.

Source: § 5(3) of Employment and labour Relations Act 2004, § 77-86 of the Law of the Child Employment Act 2009

Taratibu dhidi ya Utumikishaji wa Watoto

  • Sheria ya Ajira na Mahusiano Kazini Sehemu ya 6 ya 2004 / Employment and Labour Relations Act, No. 6 of 2004
  • Katiba ya Jamuhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, 1977 (imefanyiwa marekebisho mwaka 1995) / The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, 1977 (amended in 2005)
  • Sheria ya Haki za Mtoto, 2009 / Law of the Child Employment Act, 2009