Forced Labour

Prohibition on Forced and Compulsory Labour

Forced Labour is prohibited under the Labour Code and is a liable offence. Forced labour do not include work executed in accordance with the law governing military service; work executed for the purpose of implementing the civic education; work or service which is part of the normal civic obligations of the citizens of Rwanda; work or service required of a person according to a decision of the court and which is executed under the responsibility and control of a public institution or authority; and work or service required in case of an emergency such as during the time of war or disaster.

A person who violates the forced labour related provisions is liable to an imprisonment from three (3) years to five (5) years or for a fine from five hundred thousand (RwF 500,000) to two million Rwandan Francs (RwF 2,000,000) or either of these penalties.

Source: Articles8 & 167 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (aka Labour Code)

Freedom to Change Jobs and Right to Quit

According to the constitution of Rwanda, every citizen has a right to choose the employment of their choice.

Labour law states that workers have the right to change jobs after serving due notice on their employer. The duration of notice period depends on the length of service of the worker. For more information on this, please refer the section on employment security.

Source: Article 30 of the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda 2003, Article27 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda 2009 (aka Labour Code)

Inhumane Working Conditions

Working time may be extended beyond normal working hours of forty-five hours per week. However, total hours of work inclusive of overtime are not specified by the labour code.

For more information on this, please refer to the section on compensation.

Source: Article49 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda 2009 (aka Labour Code)

Regulations on Forced Labour

  • Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (Labour Code) / Itegeko rigenga umurimo mu Rwanda, 2009
  • Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda, 2003 / Itegeko nshinga rya Repubulika y'u Rwanda, 2003
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