The Zimbabwe government has set up a compulsory national social security pension scheme which is provided for by the National Social Security Authority (NSSA). NSSA is a body corporate, which was established by an Act of Parliament in 1989 to administer social security schemes in the country.
The government introduced the compulsory pension scheme with the aim to protect workers and their families. It is compulsory that all employees contribute to the scheme, regardless of whether an employee is covered by a private pension scheme or not.
Operations by NSSA started in October 1994 with two schemes: the National Pension Scheme (NPS) and the Workers Compensation Insurance Fund (WCIF) also known as The Accident Prevention Scheme.
These two schemes cover members in formal employment and are therefore referred to as occupational schemes.
The National Pension Scheme (NPS)
This is based on a 50/50 contribution from the employers and employees. Workers are entitled to a number of benefits after contributions for a minimum set period and after meeting the qualifications of each of the benefits.
This scheme is important as it provides some form of security during retirement, invalidity or death of a breadwinner who was a member of the scheme.
It is a compulsory requirement that every working Zimbabwean above the age of 16 years and below the age of 65 who is in a permanent, seasonal, contract or temporary employment joins this scheme and contribute towards it.
However. domestic workers and the informal sector are not included.
In a statement NSSA said as of May 1 2010 the new contribution rate by both the employer and employee will be 3% making a total of 6%.
|Maximum Insurable Earnings Salary for highest earner||USD200 per month|
|Employee Contribution: 3% of USD200||USD 6|
|Employer Contribution: 3% of USD200||USD 6|
|Total Contribution: 6% of USD200||USD 12|
ii) For earnings below USD200 per month apply 3% on actual salary.
|Employee’s actual salary e.g||USD150 per month|
|Employee’s Contribution: 3% of USD15||USD 4,50|
|Employer’s Contribution: 3% of USD150||USD 4,50|
|Total Contribution: 6% of 150||USD 9|
Accident Prevention and Workers’ Compensation Scheme
This requires all employers except government, domestic workers and informal sector employers to contribute to the scheme. Employers supply the funding - employees do not contribute anything.
The aim of the scheme is to provide assistance to employees and their families when workers are injured or killed in a work related accident, or suffers from a work related disease, or dies as a result of this disease.
It also entails promoting awareness and health safety at all work places and encouraging the implementation of heath and safety regulations at work places by inspecting factory and machinery inspection.
It also provides rehabilitation services to disabled employees to reduce their disablement and enable them to return to their former employment, or otherwise prepare them for a useful and meaningful place in society.
If a worker is injured in a work related accident the employer is required to:
- Immediately provide first aid before promptly transferring him/her to the nearest medical centre
- Report the accident to the nearest NSSA Office after filling in the relevant details on form WCIF No. 14, which he/she should keep at his/her work premises at all times
- In cases of serious/fatal accidents the employer should contact the nearest NSSA Office and the police within 24 hours.
All accidents must be reported within 14 days irrespective of whether the employee has completed treatment or not.
Short Term Benefits:
- Periodical Payments in Respect of Loss of Earning
Periodical payments are meant to:
- Provide compensatory income where this has been lost or stopped by work related accidents
- Guarantee continual payment of normal monthly wages for the first 30 days following an accident, and a percentage thereof thereafter.
- Funeral Grant
In the unfortunate event of a member losing his/her life as a result of a work related accident, the scheme currently pays out a maximum of $US200 towards funeral expenses.
- Lump Sum
If an employee's injury results in permanent disablement, compensation will be paid to him/her as a lump sum if the disability is less than 30%. A children's allowance for children up to the age of 19 years is included.
Long Term Benefits
- Employees’ Pension
In instances where an employee's injury results in 30% or more, permanent disability, compensation will be paid to the employee as a pension.
A children's allowance is included in employee's pension, for children up to the age of 19 years and /or those who are below 25 years, provided they are in full time education.
The benefit may also be given to permanently disabled dependent children who are incapable of supporting themselves regardless of their age.
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