Termination of Employment

What is the minimum notice period for termination by employer in Ghana? Know labour laws about employees termination, payment for termination at workplace in Ghana.

An employee contract of employment may be terminated by the employer on the on the following grounds:

  • Incompetence or lack of qualification in relation to the work for which the worker is employed
  • Proven misconduct of the worker
  • Redundancy
  • Legal restriction imposed on the worker prohibiting the worker from performing the work for which he or she is employed

What amounts to unfair termination by my employer?

Your contract of employment is unfairly terminated if it is based on the following reasons:

  • That the worker has joined or intends to join or has ceased to be a member of a trade union or intends to take part in the activities of a trade union
  • That the worker seeks office as, or is acting or has acted in the capacity of a worker representative
  • That the worker has filed a complaint or participated in proceedings against the employer involving alleged violation of this Act or any other enactment
  • The worker’s gender, race, colour, ethnicity, origin, religion, creed, social, political or economic status has been discriminated against
  • In the case of a woman worker, due to the pregnancy of the worker or the absence of the worker from work during maternity leave
  • In the case of a worker with a disability, due to the worker’s disability
  • That the worker is temporarily ill or injured and this is certified by a recognised medical practitioner;
  • That the worker does not possess the current level of qualification required in relation to the work for which the worker was employed which differs from the level of qualification required at the commencement of his or her employment
  • That the worker refused or indicated an intention to refuse to do any work normally done by a worker who at the time was taking part in a lawful strike unless the work is necessary for the maintenance of plant and equipment.

What can I do, as a worker, if my employer terminates my employment unfairly?

You may lay a complaint at the National Labour Commission. If it is established that the employment was unfairly terminated, the Commission may order the employer to re-instate the worker from the date of the termination of the employment. The Commission may order the employer to re-employ the worker, either in the work for which the worker was employed before the termination or in other reasonably suitable work under the same terms and conditions enjoyed by the worker before the termination. The Commission may order the employer to pay compensation to the worker.

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