• determining the location and planning the extraction of coal, metallic ores, non-metallic minerals, and building materials, such as stone and gravel
  • determining most suitable methods of efficient mining and extraction, types of machinery to be used, planning layout and directing construction of shafts and tunnels
  • determining drilling site and devising methods of controlling the flow of water, oil or gas from wells
  • planning and directing storage, initial treatment and transportation of water, oil or gas
  • establishing safety standards and procedures and first-aid facilities, especially underground
  • conducting research, developing methods of extracting metals from their ores and advising on their application
  • investigating properties of metals and alloys, developing new alloys and advising on and supervising technical aspects of metal and alloy manufacture and processing
  • maintaining technical liaison and consultancy with other relevant specialists such as geologists and geophysicists
  • examining deposits or mines to evaluate profitability

    Educational level

    • Unskilled