• researching, mostly by reasoning, into the general causes, principles and meanings of the world, human actions, experience and existence, and interpreting and developing philosophical concepts and theories
  • consulting and comparing primary sources, such as original or contemporary records of past events, and secondary sources such as archaeological or anthropological findings
  • extracting relevant material, checking its authenticity, and researching into and describing the history of a particular period, country or region, or a particular facet - for example economic, social or political - of its history
  • conducting research in such fields as political philosophy, or past and present theory and practice of political systems, institutions or behaviour
  • observing contemporary political institutions and opinions, collecting data on them from various sources, including interviews with government and political party officials and other relevant persons
  • developing theories, models and methods to interpret and describe the nature of human experience and historical and political events and behaviour
  • presenting findings and conclusions for publication or use by government, political parties or other organizations and interested persons
  • preparing scholarly papers and reports

    Educational level

    • Unskilled